THE SOUL – From Scriptures of Enoch   
Compiled by Irene Baron

Two-young-women-floating-toward-the-sunny-horizonI was asked on Facebook about souls, what they were and their purposes in the creation.

I have always enjoyed reading about souls in books of  the Prophet Enoch. He is mentioned in the Old Testament as one of two men who were called to heaven prior to their death. I decided to use that information to partially answer what is known about the soul.

The information in this blog with reference to writings by Enoch are primarily from the Book of the Secrets Enoch,  and The Book of Enoch the Prophet as found online at the INTERNET SACRED TEXT ARCHIVE (ISTA).

The ISTA is the largest, free, available archive of online books about religion, mythology, folklore and the those considered esoteric (understood by theologians) on the Internet. The ISTA is dedicated to religious tolerance and scholarship. The writings contained within the Sacred Text Archive are believed to be in the public domain in the United States, and/or freely redistributable for non-commercial purposes. I have used it for educational purposes in my blogs which are not commercial.

The Book of Enoch is believed to have been written by Enoch, scribes, and members of his family, especially Noah. For the writings of Enoch to be available by Noah and later generations, they had to have been put in a safe place aboard Noah’s ark.  Enoch is the great grandfather of Noah. Segments of the texts written by Noah explain what his great grandfather, Enoch, told him.

Those segments of the books which discuss the soul are copied here. When confusion as to the meaning of the verse may arise, I copied additional text before or after the word “soul.”

The Book of the Secrets of Enoch

2.   And Pravuil told me: All the things that I have told you, we have written. Sit and write all the souls of mankind, however many of them are born, and the places prepared for them to eternity; for all souls are prepared to eternity, before the formation of the world.

4.   And I swear to you, yea, yea, that there has been no man in his mother’s womb (but that) already before, even to each one there is a place prepared for the repose of that soul, and a measure fixed how much it is intended that a man be tried in this world.

5.  Yea, children, deceive not yourselves, for there has been previously prepared a place for every soul of man.

6.  The Lord will not judge a single soul of beast for man’s sake, but adjudges the souls of men to their beasts in this world; for men have a special place.
7.   And as every soul of man is according to number, similarly beasts will not perish, nor all souls of beasts which the Lord created, till the great judgment, and they will accuse man, if he feed them ill.

1.  Whoever defiles the soul of beasts, defiles his own soul.
2.   For man brings clean animals to make sacrifice for sin, that he may have cure of his soul.
3.  And if they bring for sacrifice clean animals, and birds, man has cure, he cures his soul.
4.  All is given you for food, bind it by the four feet, that is to make good the cure, he cures his soul.
5.   But whoever kills beast without wounds, kills his own souls and defiles his own flesh.

6.  And he who does any beast any injury whatsoever, in secret, it is evil practice and he defiles his own soul.

1.  He who works the killing of a man’s soul, kills his own soul, and kills his own body, and there is no cure for him for all time.

4.  He who works crookedly or speaks evil against any soul, will not make justice for himself for all time.

1.  And now, my children, keep your hearts from every injustice, which the Lord hates. Just as a man asks something for his own soul from God, so let him do to every living soul, because I know all things, how in the great time to come there is much inheritance prepared for men, good for the good, and bad for the bad, without number many.

 The Book of Enoch the Prophet  

3.   And now to you, O ye holy ones of heaven, the souls of men complain, saying, Obtain Justice for us with  the Most High. Then they said to their Lord, the King, Thou art Lord of lords, God of gods, King of kings. The throne of thy glory is for ever and ever, and for ever and ever is thy name sanctified and glorified. Thou art blessed and glorified.

10.  And now behold the souls of those who are dead, cry out.
11.  And complain even to the gate of heaven.
12.  Their groaning ascends; nor can they escape from the unrighteousness which is committed on earth. Thou knowest all things, before they exist.
13.  Thou knowest these things, and what has been done by them; yet thou dost not speak to us.
14.  What on account of these things ought we to do to them?

18. Destroy all the souls addicted to dalliance, and the offspring of the Watchers, for they have tyrannized over mankind.

3.  Then Raphael, one of the holy angels who were with me, answered and said, These are the delightful places where the spirits, the souls of the dead, will be collected; for them were they formed; and here will be collected all the souls of the sons of men.

4.  These places, in which they dwell, shall they occupy until the day of judgment, and until their appointed period.
5.  Their appointed period will be long, even until the great judgment. And I saw the spirits of the sons of men who were dead; and their voices reached to heaven, while they were accusing. 
6.  Then I inquired of Raphael, an angel who was with me, and said, Whose spirit is that, the voice of which reaches to heaven, and accuses?
7.  He answered, saying, This is the spirit of Abel, who was slain by Cain his brother; and who will accuse that brother,  until his seed be destroyed from the face of the earth;
8.  Until his seed perish from the seed of the human race.
9.  At that time therefore I inquired respecting him, and respecting the general judgment, saying, Why is one separated from another? He answered, Three separations have been made between the spirits of the dead, and thus have the spirits of the righteous been separated.
10.  Namely, by a chasm, by water, and by light above it.
11.  And in the same way likewise are sinners separated when they die, and are buried in the earth; judgment not overtaking them in their lifetime.
12.  Here their souls are separated. Moreover, abundant is their suffering until the time of the great judgment, the castigation, and the torment of those who eternally execrate, whose souls are punished and bound there for ever.
13.  And thus has it been front the beginning of the world. Thus has there existed a separation between the souls of those who utter complaints, and of those who watch for their destruction, to slaughter them in the day of sinners.
14.  A receptacle of this sort has been formed  for the souls of unrighteous men, and of sinners; of those who have completed crime, and associated with the impious, whom they resemble. Their souls shall not be annihilated in the day of judgment, neither shall they arise from this place. Then I blessed God,
15.  And said, Blessed be my Lord, the Lord of glory and of righteousness, who reigns over all for ever and for ever.

3.  When I beheld them, I blessed; every time in which they appeared, I blessed the Lord of glory, who had made those great and splendid signs, that they might display the magnificence of his works to angels and to the souls of men; and that these might glorify all his works and operations; might see the effect of his power; might glorify the great labour of his hands; and bless him for ever.

7.  Their residence I beheld under the wings of the Lord of spirits. All the holy and the elect sung before him, in appearance like a blaze of fire; their mouths being full of blessings, and their lips glorifying the name of the Lord of spirits. And righteousness incessantly dwelt before him,
8.  There was I desirous of remaining, and my soul longed for that habitation. 

1.  In that place I beheld a fountain of righteousness, which never failed, encircled by many springs of wisdom. Of these all the thirsty drank, and were filled with wisdom, having their habitation with the righteous, the elect, and the holy.

2. In that hour was this Son of man invoked before the Lord of spirits, and his name in the presence of the Ancient of days.
3.  Before the sun and the signs were created, before the stars of heaven were formed, his name was invoked in the presence of the Lord of spirits. A support shall he be for the righteous and the holy to lean upon, without falling; and he shall be the light of nations.4.  He shall be the hope of those whose hearts are troubled. All, who dwell on earth, shall fall down and worship before him; shall bless and glorify him, and sing praises to the name of the Lord of spirits.
5.  Therefore the Elect and the Concealed One existed in his presence, before the world was created, and for ever.
6.  In his presence he existed, and has revealed to the saints and to the righteous the wisdom of the Lord of spirits; for he has preserved the lot of the righteous, because they have hated and rejected this world of iniquity, and have detested all its works and ways, in the name of the Lord of spirits.
7.  For in his name shall they be preserved; and his will shall be their life. In those days shall the kings of the earth and the mighty men, who have gained the world by their achievements, become humble in countenance. 
8.  For in the day of their anxiety and trouble their souls shall not be saved; and they shall be in subjection to those whom I have chosen.
9.  I will cast them like hay into the fire, and like lead into the water. Thus shall they burn in the presence of the righteous, and sink in the presence of the holy; nor shall a tenth part of them be found.

10.  In the day of our suffering and of our trouble he will not save us, neither shall we find rest. We confess that our Lord is faithful in all his works, in all his judgments, and in his righteousness.
11.  In his judgments he pays no respect to persons; and we must depart from his presence, on account of our evil deeds.
12.  All our sins are truly without number.
13.  Then shall they say to themselves, Our souls are satiated with the instruments of crime;
14.  But that prevents us not from descending to the flaming womb of hell.
15.  Afterwards, their countenances shall be filled with darkness and confusion before the Son of man; from whose presence they shall be expelled, and before whom the sword shall remain to expel them. 
16.  Thus saith the Lord of spirits, This is the decree and the judgment against the princes, the kings, the exalted, and those who possess the earth, in the presence of the Lord of spirits.

1.  In those days the word of God came to me, and said, Noah, behold, thy lot has ascended up to me, a lot void of crime, a lot beloved and upright.

2.  Now then shall the angels labor at the trees; but when they proceed to this, I will put my hand upon it, and preserve it.
3.  The seed of life shall arise  from it, and a change shall take place,  that the dry land may not be left empty. I will establish thy seed before me for ever and ever, and the seed of those who dwell with thee on the surface of the earth. It shall be blessed and multiplied in the presence of the earth, in the name of the Lord.
4.  And they shall confine those angels who disclosed impiety. In that burning valley it is, that they shall be confined, which at first my great-grandfather Enoch showed me in the west, where there were mountains of gold and silver, of iron, of fluid metal, and of tin.
5.  I beheld that valley in which there was great perturbation, and where the waters were troubled.
6.  And when all this was effected, from the fluid mass of fire, and the perturbation which prevailed in that place, there arose a strong smell of sulphur, which became mixed with the waters; and the valley of the angels, who had been guilty of seduction, burned underneath its soil.
7.  Through that valley also rivers of fire were flowing, to which those angels shall be condemned, who seduced the inhabitants of the earth.
8.  And in those days shall these waters be to kings, to princes, to the exalted, and to the inhabitants of the earth, for the healing of the soul and body, and for the judgment of the spirit.
9.  Their spirits shall be full of revelry that they may be judged in their bodies; because they have denied the Lord of spirits, and although they perceive their condemnation day by day, they believe not in his name.
10.  And as the inflammation of their bodies shall be great, so shall their spirits undergo a change for ever.
11.  For no word which is uttered before the Lord of spirits shall be in vain.
12.  Judgment has come upon them, because they trusted in their carnal revelry,  and denied the Lord of spirits.
13.  In those days shall the waters of that valley be changed; for when the angels shall be judged, then shall the heat of those springs of water experience an alteration.
14.  And when the angels shall ascend, the water of the springs shall again undergo a change, and be frozen. Then I heard holy Michael answering and saying, This judgment, with which the angels shall be judged, shall bear testimony against the kings, the princes, and those who possess the earth.
15.  For these waters of judgment shall be for their healing, and for the death of their bodies. But they shall not perceive and believe that the waters will be changed, and become a fire, which shall blaze for ever.

15.  I have sworn to you, ye sinners, by the holy and the Great One, that all your evil deeds are disclosed in the heavens; and that none of your oppressive acts are concealed and secret.

16.  Think not in your minds, neither say in your hearts, that every crime is not manifested and seen. In heaven it is daily written down before the Most High. Henceforward shall it be manifested; for every act of oppression which you commit shall be daily recorded, until the period of your condemnation.
17.  Woe to you, ye simple ones, for you shall perish in your simplicity. To the wise you will not listen, and that which is good you shall not obtain. 
18.  Now therefore know that you are destined to the day of destruction; nor hope that sinners shall live; but in process of time you shall die;  for you are not marked for redemption;
19.  But are destined to the day of the great judgment, to the day of distress, and the extreme ignominy of your souls.

14.  Woe to you who despise the extent of the everlasting inheritance of your fathers, while your souls follow after idols; for to you there shall be no tranquility.

6.  Fear not, ye souls of the righteous; but wait with patient hope for the day of your death in righteousness. Grieve not, because your souls descend in great trouble, with groaning, lamentation, and sorrow, to the receptacle of the dead. In your lifetime your bodies have not received a recompense in proportion to your goodness, but in the period of your existence have sinners existed; in the period of execration and of punishment.

7.  And when you die, sinners say concerning you, "As we die, the righteous die. What profit have they in their works? Behold, like us, they expire in sorrow and in darkness. What advantage have they over us? Henceforward are we equal. What will be within their grasp, and what before their eyes  for ever? For behold they are dead; and never will they again perceive the light." I say unto you, ye sinners, You have been satiated with meat and drink, with human plunder and rapine, with sin, with the acquisition of wealth and with the sight of good days. Have you not marked the righteous, how their end is in peace? for no oppression is found in them even to the day of their death. They perish, and are as if they were not, while their souls descend in trouble to the receptacle of the dead.

1.  But now I swear to you, ye righteous, by the greatness of his splendor and his glory; by his illustrious kingdom and by his majesty, to you I swear, that I comprehend this mystery; that I have read the tablet of heaven, have seen the writing of the holy Ones, and have discovered what is written and impressed on it concerning you.

2.  I have seen that all goodness, joy, and glory has been prepared for you, and been written down for the spirits of them who die eminently righteous and good.  To you it shall be given in return for your troubles; and your portion of happiness shall far exceed the portion of the living.
3.  The spirits of you who die in righteousness shall exist and rejoice. Their spirits shall exult; and their remembrance shall be before the face of the mighty One from generation to generation. Nor shall they now fear disgrace.
4.  Woe to you, sinners, when you die in your sins; and they, who are like you, say respecting you, Blessed are these sinners. They have lived out their whole period; and now they die in happiness and in wealth. Distress and slaughter they knew not while alive; in honor they die; nor ever in their lifetime did judgment overtake them.
5.  But has it not been shown to them, that, when to the receptacle of the dead their souls shall be made to descend; their evil deeds shall become their greatest torment? Into darkness, into the snare, and into the flame, which shall burn to the great judgment, shall their spirits enter; and the great judgment shall take effect for ever and for ever. 

Why is the Book of Enoch not in the Bible?

Enoch is the seventh direct descendent of Adam. The book, I Enoch, also called the Book of Enoch, is believed to have been authored by Enoch. Enoch has been called a Prophet of God who was sent to announce disfavor of rebel angels. Enoch called himself a messenger of God. 

Dr. R.H. Charles, Director of Dead Sea Scroll Studies, Yale University, stated: “The influence of Enoch on the New Testament has been greater than that of all other apocryphal and pseudepigraphal books taken together…. All the writers of the New Testament were familiar with [Enoch’s book], and were more or less influenced by it in thought and diction.” 

Scholars have reported numerous phrases of Jesus resemble those from the Book of Enoch. The Book of Enoch was translated into English by Oxford Professor Richard Laurence. The 20th century Enoch texts found within the Dead Sea Scrolls at Qumran, when tested, was dated to 200 years before Christ’s birth. 

Early Christians accepted the words of Enoch as true Scripture. It is believed there was an effort by the Roman Catholic Church and other clergy to suppress the Book of Enoch, even though Jesus used it for his talks. There is controversy about the segment of Enoch’s work concerning the “fallen angels” or “watchers.” Enoch reported the watchers were the original guardian angels charged by God to protect mankind. A few disobeyed God. Their offspring with humans were called by Enoch the Nephilim. They oppressed earth, corrupted and bruised mankind.

 The Oil painting under the title is by Louis Janmot (1814-1892). Poem of the Soul – The flight of the soul 1854. This is a photographic reproduction of a public domain work of art. The photograph is also in the public domain.

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